Near-sightedness (short-sightedness), or myopia, is a very common eye problem that can be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. If your vision is clear when looking at things close to you, but objects that are further away are out of focus or blurred, you may have myopia.


What are the causes of myopia or near-sightedness?

Near-sightedness or myopia is caused due to the elongation of the eye (from front to back), or if the cornea is too powerful for the length of your eye. The light focuses in front of the retina, making distant objects appear blurry.

You can become short-sighted or near-sighted at any age, however, in most cases, the condition starts around childhood or early teens. You are more likely to develop it if one or both or your parents are also near-sighted.

Spending a lot of time focusing your eyes on objects in close proximity to your eyes, such as reading, writing and hand-held devices (phones and tablets) as well as computers can also increase your risk of developing short-sightedness. Spending time playing outside as a child may help reduce the onset of becoming short-sighted; the latest evidence* indicates that higher levels of natural light are beneficial.

* Walline J, Myopia control – a review. ECL 2016; 42 (1):3-8

What are the Symptoms of Myopia or Near-Sightedness?

Short-sightedness or myopia causes objects further away to appear out of focus or blurred, which can affect your vision when you are driving, playing sports or trying to recognise people and objects at a distance. This can lead to eyestrain, headaches and fatigue.

Diagnosing Myopia or Near-Sightedness

If you suspect you are short-sighted, use our search tool to find an Eye Care Professional near you to schedule an eye examination. The examination will determine if you are short-sighted and how much, and determine the prescription that you need for glasses or contact lenses to correct this.


Most people who are short-sighted can correct their vision with glasses or contact lenses. These contact lenses are shaped to focus the light correctly on your retina, helping you to see people and objects clearly in the distance without glasses.

For ACUVUE® brand contact lenses for short-sightedness talk to your Eye Care Professional about:


Start your Free† Trial of ACUVUE® Brand Contact Lenses today.

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Please note professional eye examination and fitting fees may apply. GCC residents 18 or over only. One trial per person. Eligibility subject to Eye Care Professional approval. Participating Eye Care Professionals only. See link for full terms and conditions.